Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.


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Stop Changing The Clocks: Scroll Down



Cusack, Amber Leigh
... to Cusack, Joseph Dominic


Cusack, Joseph Dominic
... to Cusack, Sharon


Cusack, Sharon Lea
... to Cuschieri, Melissa Kay


Cuschieri, Michael Anthony
... to Cusenza, Frank


Cusenza, Frank Frederick
... to Cushard, Alicia Renee


Cushard, Alicia Renee
... to Cushaway, Travis Daniel


Cushen, Christine Kozyra
... to Cushing, Gail Ann


Cushing, Gary George
... to Cushing, Matthew Adam


Cushing, Matthew Earp
... to Cushingberry, Clyde G


Cushingberry, Clyde Gene
... to Cushist, Michelle Renee


Cushman, Abi
... to Cushman, Charles Robert


Cushman, Charles Robert
... to Cushman, Eva Marie


Cushman, Florence Anne
... to Cushman, Justin Michael


Cushman, Karen Diane
... to Cushman, Michaela Rae


Cushman, Michaela Rae
... to Cushman, Robert James


Cushman, Robert James
... to Cushman, Whitney Marie


Cushman, Whitney Marie
... to Cushway, Natalie Marie


Cushway, Nichole Lynn
... to Cusick, Callie Alexandra


Cusick, Callie Alexandra
... to Cusick, Marjorie Ann


Cusick, Mark David
... to Cusimano, Constance Ann


Cusimano, Derek Howard
... to Cuskie, Christina


Cusman, James Lawrence
... to Cusmano, Joseph Gerard


Cusmano, Joseph Gerard
... to Cuson, John William


Cuson, Judith Marie
... to Cussigh, Richard Michael


Cussigh, Rose Mae
... to Custard, Amanda Marie


Custard, Amanda Marie
... to Custard, Larry Hank


Custard, Larry Hank
... to Custer, Andrew James


Custer, Andrew Joseph
... to Custer, Deborah Rose


Custer, Deborah Sue
... to Custer, Janice Ellen


Custer, Jason Alan
... to Custer, Lynda Elaine


Custer, Lynee Arlene
... to Custer, Ruth Estella


Custer, Ruth Estella
... to Custer-Fritz, Kimberly Jean


Custer-Hier, Michelle Mae
... to Cusumano, Anthony Michael


Cusumano, Anthony Salvatore
... to Cusumano, Gregory Joseph


Cusumano, Gregory Joseph
... to Cusumano, Lauren Paige


Cusumano, Lawrence
... to Cusumano, Salvatore Russell


Cusumano, Sam Joseph
... to Cutajar, Vinnie


Cutbirth, Megan Eve-Thylene
... to Cutcher, Donna Jean


Cutcher, Douglas Anthony
... to Cutcher, Rosemarie


Cutcher, Roshelle Ann
... to Cutean, Rose Marie


Cutean, Rose Marie
... to Cuthbert, Douglas Erwin


Cuthbert, Eric Robert
... to Cuthbert, Patricia J


Cuthbert, Patrick James
... to Cuthbertson, Cathleen Marie


Cuthbertson, Charles C
... to Cuthbertson, John


Cuthbertson, John Charles
... to Cuthbertson, Tara Lynn


Cuthbertson, Terry Lee
... to Cuthrell, Sandyn Gene


Cuthrell, Sara Leeann
... to Cutino, Russell Anthony


Cutino, Russell Frank
... to Cutler, Barbara Kay


Cutler, Barbara Lou
... to Cutler, Cheryl Joyce


Cutler, Cheyenne Marie
... to Cutler, David Robert


Cutler, David William
... to Cutler, Ethan David


Cutler, Eva Elm
... to Cutler, James Wesley


Cutler, James Wesley
... to Cutler, Joseph Bruce


Cutler, Joseph Bruce
... to Cutler, Kristie Leigh


Cutler, Kristie Leigh
... to Cutler, Mary Beth


Cutler, Mary Ellen
... to Cutler, Patricia Lee


Cutler, Patricia Lynn
... to Cutler, Roselyn Marie


Cutler, Rose Marie
... to Cutler, Teri Louise


Cutler, Teri Lynn
... to Cutler-Pampu, Jennifer Lynn


Cutler-Pampu, Jennifer Lynn
... to Cutlip, Edwin Brown


Cutlip, Elizabeth
... to Cutrara, Donald Edward


Cutrara, Donald Edward
... to Cutright, Crystal Maria


Cutright, Crystal Maria
... to Cutright, Robert


Cutright, Robert James
... to Cutshall, Jacob Sean


Cutshall, James Allen
... to Cutshaw, Monica Rebecca


Cutshaw, Monica Rebecca
... to Cutsinger, Lyndsey Morgen


Cutsinger, Lyndsey Morgen
... to Cutter, David Curtis


Cutter, David Curtis
... to Cutter, Renee Marie


Cutter, Richard
... to Cutting, Carson Jane


Cutting, Catherine Ann
... to Cutting, Kenneth Michael


Cutting, Kenneth Michael
... to Cuttitta, Anthony Arthur


Cuttitta, Anthony Arthur
... to Cutts, Joanne Evelyn


Cutts, Jordan Dashawn
... to Cuturic, Emil


Cuturic, Emil
... to Cuvelier, Joshua David


Cuvelier, Kimberly Danielle
... to Cuykendall, Kenneth Joseph


Cuykendall, Kenneth Joseph
... to Cuyler, Derick Walter


Cuyler, Diane Marie
... to Cuyler, Timothy Miles


Cuyler, Tracy Delores
... to Cuzzort, Mary Lou


Cuzzort, Mary Lou
... to Cvengros, Karleen Ann


Cvengros, Karleen Ann
... to Cvetkovich, Judy Ann


Cvetkovich, Mark Charles
... to Cvitkovic, Mitchell Allan


Cvitkovic, Mitchell Allan
... to Cwiakala, Patricia Susan


Cwiakala, Patricia Susan
... to Cwiek, Rebecca Annemarie


Cwiek, Richard Anthony
... to Cwikiel, Kate Elizabeth-Gruenwald


Cwikiel, Mary Jane
... to Cwirka, Barbara Lynn


Cwirka, Edwin Thomas
... to Cyars-Merryman, Ilene Lydia


Cyb, Bethany Lyne
... to Cybowski, Mark Theodore


Cybowski, Molly Holmes
... to Cybulski, Dolores Wilma


Cybulski, Donald
... to Cybulski, Nicole Elizabeth


Cybulski, Nicole Renee
... to Cyccone, Jacob Michael


Cyccone, Joshua Mark
... to Cyfka, Gary Joseph


Cyfka, Mary Francis
... to Cygan, Steven Michael


Cygan, Steven Michael
... to Cykiert, Joshua Aaron


Cykiert, Joshua Aaron
... to Cyll, Christine Amanda


Cyll, David
... to Cymbal, John Andrew


Cymbal, Robert James
... to Cymes, Robert Danny


Cymes, Robyn Gay
... to Cynowa, Leon Joseph


Cynowa, Leon Joseph
... to Cypher, Emily Elizabeth


Cypher, Gary Richard
... to Cypher, Thad David


Cypher, Theresa Joanne
... to Cyphers, Lacey Annarose


Cyphers, Lavaughn Russell
... to Cyphert, Matthew Lee


Cyphert, Matthew Lee
... to Cypret, Annette Michele


Cypret, Ashley Marie
... to Cyr, Aimie Rose


Cyr, Aimie Rose
... to Cyr, Deanna Joan


Cyr, Deanna Joan
... to Cyr, Karen Inger


Cyr, Katherine Lee
... to Cyr, Patricia Jo


Cyr, Paul Earl
... to Cyranoski, Sheryl Lynn


Cyranoski, Sheryl Lynn
... to Cyrkiel, Angele


Cyrkiel, Angele Haddad
... to Cyrowski, John Philip


Cyrowski, John Richard
... to Cyrulik, Louis Michael


Cyrulnik, Andrew Jacob
... to Cyrus, Luke Michael


Cyrus, Lydia Grace
... to Cyster, Tonia Michelle


Cyster, Tricia Lynn
... to Cywka, Barbara Rose


Cywka, Danielle Nicole
... to Czachorowski, Jane Ann


Czachorowski, Karlene Shiloh
... to Czado, Kenneth Albert


Czado, Mark Kenneth
... to Czaja, Erica Marie


Czaja, Erica Marie
... to Czajka, Donna Leigh


Czajka, Edward Stanley
... to Czajka, Mary Jo


Czajka, Matthew John
... to Czajkowski, Branden William


Czajkowski, Brian Lee
... to Czajkowski, Kathleen Anne


Czajkowski, Kathleen Vassallo
... to Czajkowski, Stella


Czajkowski, Stephanie Diane
... to Czanstke, Christopher Raymond


Czanstke, Christopher Raymond
... to Czape, Jeanine Marie


Czape, John
... to Czapiga, Florence Inez


Czapiga, Jason Richard
... to Czaplicka, Stephanie Ann


Czaplicki, Aaron Martin
... to Czapp, Frances Jeanette


Czapp, Frances Jeanette
... to Czapski, Mark Anthony


Czapski, Mark Gerard
... to Czar-Murrell, Cynthia Ann


Czar-Murrell, Cynthia Ann
... to Czarnecki, Christine Anne


Czarnecki, Christopher
... to Czarnecki, Genevieve Ann


Czarnecki, Genevieve Ann
... to Czarnecki, Joseph Paul


Czarnecki, Joseph Richard
... to Czarnecki, Lucinda Joann


Czarnecki, Lucja Elzbieta
... to Czarnecki, Nancy Jean


Czarnecki, Nancy Jean
... to Czarnecki, Sandra A


Czarnecki, Sandra S
... to Czarney, Brianna Lynn


Czarney, Brianna Lynn
... to Czarniecki, Crystal Jade


Czarniecki, Cynthia J
... to Czarnik, Cheryl Lynn


Czarnik, Cheryl Lynn
... to Czarnik, Katelyn Anne


Czarnik, Katrina Lee
... to Czarnik, Theresa Ann


Czarnik, Thomas Gerald
... to Czarnomski, Michael Eric


Czarnomski, Michael Eric
... to Czarnopys, Lisa Jo


Czarnopys, Lisa Jo
... to Czarnowczan, Lauren Ashley


Czarnowczan, Lauren Ashley
... to Czarny, Marie


Czarny, Marylou
... to Czasak, Jessica Jewell


Czasak, Kenneth Albert
... to Czech, Jennifer Ann


Czech, Jennifer Marie
... to Czechak, Waldemar


Czechak, Waldemar
... to Czeder, Pamala Ann


Czedik, Karen Sue
... to Czeiszperger, Tambra Lynn


Czeiszperger, Tambra Lynn
... to Czekaj, Piotr Pawel


Czekaj, Rafal Marcin
... to Czenkus, Daniel Thomas


Daylight Saving Time:
End It, Don’t Extend It!


Central Standard Time is the mean solar time of 90° west, the blue line at the left. Eastern Standard Time is the mean solar time of 75° west, the blue line down the middle. The red line between them is 82.5° west, where the boundary between Central Standard Time and Eastern Standard Time belongs. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, another name for Atlantic Standard Time, is the mean solar time of 60° west, the blue line at the right.

Only a sliver of Michigan, east of 82.5° west longitude, the red line at the right, belongs on Eastern Standard Time.

     Michigan does not belong on Eastern Daylight Saving Time, which is the same as Atlantic Standard Time. She is simply too far west.

     When Eastern Standard Time is observed, the clocks in Ontonagon Elementary School in Ontonagon are 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time. Switching to Central Standard Time would make the clocks 2 minutes and 48 seconds behind their local mean solar time. However, when Eastern Daylight Saving Time is observed, the clocks are 1 hour, 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time.

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” — John Adams, Argument in Defense of the British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre Trials, 4 December 1770.



     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks. Let’s keep the clocks set to the wrong time year-round. They think the government can give them more daylight by tampering with the clocks, which is like thinking you can gain or lose weight by tampering with your scale.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue that folks have become habituated more to daylight saving time, observing it 8 months every year, than to standard time; but this is because lawmakers forced it onto us. If this bad habit is passed onto little children who are learning how to tell time, when will the bad habit ever be broken?

     Supporters of year-round standard time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks, and forces people to observe the wrong time of day when daylight saving time is in effect. End it, don’t extend it. Let’s not kick the can down the road and burden future generations with the wrong time. Over the years, businesses will adapt, using winter hours and summer hours, same as libraries do. Let’s keep the clocks set to the time that most closely approximates their actual mean solar time. If you want a long sunlit afternoon, then work from 7:00 to 16:00 standard time, which is the same as 8:00 to 17:00 daylight saving time. Petition your employer, but don’t try to force everybody to keep their clocks set to the wrong time.

A State can exempt herself from daylight saving time without federal approval. See 15 U.S. Code § 260a(a)(1), but year-round daylight saving time requires an Act of Congress.



What is mean solar time?


     Earth rotates on its axis in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.098903691 seconds1, but moves along on its orbit during that time, so it takes a few minutes longer for your hemisphere to face the Sun again. Since the orbit is not circular, the length of a solar day varies during the year. To avoid having days of different lengths, the mean (average) day of 24 hours is used. If the Sun transits your meridian, on average, 12 hours after your clock strikes midnight, then your clock is set to the mean (average) solar time of your longitude. For more about solar (Sun) days versus sidereal (other stars) days, see https://www.universetoday.com/47181/earths-rotation/


What does “belong” mean?


     As used here, a place belongs on a time that is no more than 30 minutes away from its local mean solar time. A time zone boundary belongs at the meridian where the local mean solar time is 30 minutes ahead of the standard time in the time zone to the west and 30 minutes behind the standard time in the time zone to the east. Obviously, minor adjustments are recommendable so that the actual boundaries do not run through Tampa, Florida or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Brownsville, Texas. The boundary between the Eastern Time Zone and the Atlantic Time Zone, running along the international boundary between Maine, U.S.A. and New Brunswick, Canada, is an example of a minor adjustment.