Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.

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Stop Changing The Clocks: Scroll Down

Cusack, Amber Leigh
... to Cusack, Joseph Dominic

Cusack, Joseph Dominic
... to Cusack, Sharon

Cusack, Sharon Lea
... to Cuschieri, Melissa Kay

Cuschieri, Michael Anthony
... to Cusenza, Frank

Cusenza, Frank Frederick
... to Cushard, Alicia Renee

Cushard, Alicia Renee
... to Cushaway, Travis Daniel

Cushen, Christine Kozyra
... to Cushing, Gail Ann

Cushing, Gary George
... to Cushing, Matthew Adam

Cushing, Matthew Earp
... to Cushingberry, Clyde G

Cushingberry, Clyde Gene
... to Cushist, Michelle Renee

Cushman, Abi
... to Cushman, Charles Robert

Cushman, Charles Robert
... to Cushman, Eva Marie

Cushman, Florence Anne
... to Cushman, Justin Michael

Cushman, Karen Diane
... to Cushman, Michaela Rae

Cushman, Michaela Rae
... to Cushman, Robert James

Cushman, Robert James
... to Cushman, Whitney Marie

Cushman, Whitney Marie
... to Cushway, Natalie Marie

Cushway, Nichole Lynn
... to Cusick, Callie Alexandra

Cusick, Callie Alexandra
... to Cusick, Marjorie Ann

Cusick, Mark David
... to Cusimano, Constance Ann

Cusimano, Derek Howard
... to Cuskie, Christina

Cusman, James Lawrence
... to Cusmano, Joseph Gerard

Cusmano, Joseph Gerard
... to Cuson, John William

Cuson, Judith Marie
... to Cussigh, Richard Michael

Cussigh, Rose Mae
... to Custard, Amanda Marie

Custard, Amanda Marie
... to Custard, Larry Hank

Custard, Larry Hank
... to Custer, Andrew James

Custer, Andrew Joseph
... to Custer, Deborah Rose

Custer, Deborah Sue
... to Custer, Janice Ellen

Custer, Jason Alan
... to Custer, Lynda Elaine

Custer, Lynee Arlene
... to Custer, Ruth Estella

Custer, Ruth Estella
... to Custer-Fritz, Kimberly Jean

Custer-Hier, Michelle Mae
... to Cusumano, Anthony Michael

Cusumano, Anthony Salvatore
... to Cusumano, Gregory Joseph

Cusumano, Gregory Joseph
... to Cusumano, Lauren Paige

Cusumano, Lawrence
... to Cusumano, Salvatore Russell

Cusumano, Sam Joseph
... to Cutajar, Vinnie

Cutbirth, Megan Eve-Thylene
... to Cutcher, Donna Jean

Cutcher, Douglas Anthony
... to Cutcher, Rosemarie

Cutcher, Roshelle Ann
... to Cutean, Rose Marie

Cutean, Rose Marie
... to Cuthbert, Douglas Erwin

Cuthbert, Eric Robert
... to Cuthbert, Patricia J

Cuthbert, Patrick James
... to Cuthbertson, Cathleen Marie

Cuthbertson, Charles C
... to Cuthbertson, John

Cuthbertson, John Charles
... to Cuthbertson, Tara Lynn

Cuthbertson, Terry Lee
... to Cuthrell, Sandyn Gene

Cuthrell, Sara Leeann
... to Cutino, Russell Anthony

Cutino, Russell Frank
... to Cutler, Barbara Kay

Cutler, Barbara Lou
... to Cutler, Cheryl Joyce

Cutler, Cheyenne Marie
... to Cutler, David Robert

Cutler, David William
... to Cutler, Ethan David

Cutler, Eva Elm
... to Cutler, James Wesley

Cutler, James Wesley
... to Cutler, Joseph Bruce

Cutler, Joseph Bruce
... to Cutler, Kristie Leigh

Cutler, Kristie Leigh
... to Cutler, Mary Beth

Cutler, Mary Ellen
... to Cutler, Patricia Lee

Cutler, Patricia Lynn
... to Cutler, Roselyn Marie

Cutler, Rose Marie
... to Cutler, Teri Louise

Cutler, Teri Lynn
... to Cutler-Pampu, Jennifer Lynn

Cutler-Pampu, Jennifer Lynn
... to Cutlip, Edwin Brown

Cutlip, Elizabeth
... to Cutrara, Donald Edward

Cutrara, Donald Edward
... to Cutright, Crystal Maria

Cutright, Crystal Maria
... to Cutright, Robert

Cutright, Robert James
... to Cutshall, Jacob Sean

Cutshall, James Allen
... to Cutshaw, Monica Rebecca

Cutshaw, Monica Rebecca
... to Cutsinger, Lyndsey Morgen

Cutsinger, Lyndsey Morgen
... to Cutter, David Curtis

Cutter, David Curtis
... to Cutter, Renee Marie

Cutter, Richard
... to Cutting, Carson Jane

Cutting, Catherine Ann
... to Cutting, Kenneth Michael

Cutting, Kenneth Michael
... to Cuttitta, Anthony Arthur

Cuttitta, Anthony Arthur
... to Cutts, Joanne Evelyn

Cutts, Jordan Dashawn
... to Cuturic, Emil

Cuturic, Emil
... to Cuvelier, Joshua David

Cuvelier, Kimberly Danielle
... to Cuykendall, Kenneth Joseph

Cuykendall, Kenneth Joseph
... to Cuyler, Derick Walter

Cuyler, Diane Marie
... to Cuyler, Timothy Miles

Cuyler, Tracy Delores
... to Cuzzort, Mary Lou

Cuzzort, Mary Lou
... to Cvengros, Karleen Ann

Cvengros, Karleen Ann
... to Cvetkovich, Judy Ann

Cvetkovich, Mark Charles
... to Cvitkovic, Mitchell Allan

Cvitkovic, Mitchell Allan
... to Cwiakala, Patricia Susan

Cwiakala, Patricia Susan
... to Cwiek, Rebecca Annemarie

Cwiek, Richard Anthony
... to Cwikiel, Kate Elizabeth-Gruenwald

Cwikiel, Mary Jane
... to Cwirka, Barbara Lynn

Cwirka, Edwin Thomas
... to Cyars-Merryman, Ilene Lydia

Cyb, Bethany Lyne
... to Cybowski, Mark Theodore

Cybowski, Molly Holmes
... to Cybulski, Dolores Wilma

Cybulski, Donald
... to Cybulski, Nicole Elizabeth

Cybulski, Nicole Renee
... to Cyccone, Jacob Michael

Cyccone, Joshua Mark
... to Cyfka, Gary Joseph

Cyfka, Mary Francis
... to Cygan, Steven Michael

Cygan, Steven Michael
... to Cykiert, Joshua Aaron

Cykiert, Joshua Aaron
... to Cyll, Christine Amanda

Cyll, David
... to Cymbal, John Andrew

Cymbal, Robert James
... to Cymes, Robert Danny

Cymes, Robyn Gay
... to Cynowa, Leon Joseph

Cynowa, Leon Joseph
... to Cypher, Emily Elizabeth

Cypher, Gary Richard
... to Cypher, Thad David

Cypher, Theresa Joanne
... to Cyphers, Lacey Annarose

Cyphers, Lavaughn Russell
... to Cyphert, Matthew Lee

Cyphert, Matthew Lee
... to Cypret, Annette Michele

Cypret, Ashley Marie
... to Cyr, Aimie Rose

Cyr, Aimie Rose
... to Cyr, Deanna Joan

Cyr, Deanna Joan
... to Cyr, Karen Inger

Cyr, Katherine Lee
... to Cyr, Patricia Jo

Cyr, Paul Earl
... to Cyranoski, Sheryl Lynn

Cyranoski, Sheryl Lynn
... to Cyrkiel, Angele

Cyrkiel, Angele Haddad
... to Cyrowski, John Philip

Cyrowski, John Richard
... to Cyrulik, Louis Michael

Cyrulnik, Andrew Jacob
... to Cyrus, Luke Michael

Cyrus, Lydia Grace
... to Cyster, Tonia Michelle

Cyster, Tricia Lynn
... to Cywka, Barbara Rose

Cywka, Danielle Nicole
... to Czachorowski, Jane Ann

Czachorowski, Karlene Shiloh
... to Czado, Kenneth Albert

Czado, Mark Kenneth
... to Czaja, Erica Marie

Czaja, Erica Marie
... to Czajka, Donna Leigh

Czajka, Edward Stanley
... to Czajka, Mary Jo

Czajka, Matthew John
... to Czajkowski, Branden William

Czajkowski, Brian Lee
... to Czajkowski, Kathleen Anne

Czajkowski, Kathleen Vassallo
... to Czajkowski, Stella

Czajkowski, Stephanie Diane
... to Czanstke, Christopher Raymond

Czanstke, Christopher Raymond
... to Czape, Jeanine Marie

Czape, John
... to Czapiga, Florence Inez

Czapiga, Jason Richard
... to Czaplicka, Stephanie Ann

Czaplicki, Aaron Martin
... to Czapp, Frances Jeanette

Czapp, Frances Jeanette
... to Czapski, Mark Anthony

Czapski, Mark Gerard
... to Czar-Murrell, Cynthia Ann

Czar-Murrell, Cynthia Ann
... to Czarnecki, Christine Anne

Czarnecki, Christopher
... to Czarnecki, Genevieve Ann

Czarnecki, Genevieve Ann
... to Czarnecki, Joseph Paul

Czarnecki, Joseph Richard
... to Czarnecki, Lucinda Joann

Czarnecki, Lucja Elzbieta
... to Czarnecki, Nancy Jean

Czarnecki, Nancy Jean
... to Czarnecki, Sandra A

Czarnecki, Sandra S
... to Czarney, Brianna Lynn

Czarney, Brianna Lynn
... to Czarniecki, Crystal Jade

Czarniecki, Cynthia J
... to Czarnik, Cheryl Lynn

Czarnik, Cheryl Lynn
... to Czarnik, Katelyn Anne

Czarnik, Katrina Lee
... to Czarnik, Theresa Ann

Czarnik, Thomas Gerald
... to Czarnomski, Michael Eric

Czarnomski, Michael Eric
... to Czarnopys, Lisa Jo

Czarnopys, Lisa Jo
... to Czarnowczan, Lauren Ashley

Czarnowczan, Lauren Ashley
... to Czarny, Marie

Czarny, Marylou
... to Czasak, Jessica Jewell

Czasak, Kenneth Albert
... to Czech, Jennifer Ann

Czech, Jennifer Marie
... to Czechak, Waldemar

Czechak, Waldemar
... to Czeder, Pamala Ann

Czedik, Karen Sue
... to Czeiszperger, Tambra Lynn

Czeiszperger, Tambra Lynn
... to Czekaj, Piotr Pawel

Czekaj, Rafal Marcin
... to Czenkus, Daniel Thomas

Daylight Saving Time:
End It, Don’t Extend It!

Central Standard Time is the mean solar time of 90° west, the blue line at the left. Eastern Standard Time is the mean solar time of 75° west, the blue line down the middle. The red line between them is 82.5° west, where the boundary between Central Standard Time and Eastern Standard Time belongs. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, another name for Atlantic Standard Time, is the mean solar time of 60° west, the blue line at the right.

Only a sliver of Michigan, east of 82.5° west longitude, the red line at the right, belongs on Eastern Standard Time.

     Michigan does not belong on Eastern Daylight Saving Time, which is the same as Atlantic Standard Time. She is simply too far west.

     When Eastern Standard Time is observed, the clocks in Ontonagon Elementary School in Ontonagon are 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time. Switching to Central Standard Time would make the clocks 2 minutes and 48 seconds behind their local mean solar time. However, when Eastern Daylight Saving Time is observed, the clocks are 1 hour, 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time.

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” — John Adams, Argument in Defense of the British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre Trials, 4 December 1770.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks. Let’s keep the clocks set to the wrong time year-round. They think the government can give them more daylight by tampering with the clocks, which is like thinking you can gain or lose weight by tampering with your scale.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue that folks have become habituated more to daylight saving time, observing it 8 months every year, than to standard time; but this is because lawmakers forced it onto us. If this bad habit is passed onto little children who are learning how to tell time, when will the bad habit ever be broken?

     Supporters of year-round standard time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks, and forces people to observe the wrong time of day when daylight saving time is in effect. End it, don’t extend it. Let’s not kick the can down the road and burden future generations with the wrong time. Over the years, businesses will adapt, using winter hours and summer hours, same as libraries do. Let’s keep the clocks set to the time that most closely approximates their actual mean solar time. If you want a long sunlit afternoon, then work from 7:00 to 16:00 standard time, which is the same as 8:00 to 17:00 daylight saving time. Petition your employer, but don’t try to force everybody to keep their clocks set to the wrong time.

A State can exempt herself from daylight saving time without federal approval. See 15 U.S. Code § 260a(a)(1), but year-round daylight saving time requires an Act of Congress.

What is mean solar time?

     Earth rotates on its axis in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.098903691 seconds1, but moves along on its orbit during that time, so it takes a few minutes longer for your hemisphere to face the Sun again. Since the orbit is not circular, the length of a solar day varies during the year. To avoid having days of different lengths, the mean (average) day of 24 hours is used. If the Sun transits your meridian, on average, 12 hours after your clock strikes midnight, then your clock is set to the mean (average) solar time of your longitude. For more about solar (Sun) days versus sidereal (other stars) days, see

What does “belong” mean?

     As used here, a place belongs on a time that is no more than 30 minutes away from its local mean solar time. A time zone boundary belongs at the meridian where the local mean solar time is 30 minutes ahead of the standard time in the time zone to the west and 30 minutes behind the standard time in the time zone to the east. Obviously, minor adjustments are recommendable so that the actual boundaries do not run through Tampa, Florida or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Brownsville, Texas. The boundary between the Eastern Time Zone and the Atlantic Time Zone, running along the international boundary between Maine, U.S.A. and New Brunswick, Canada, is an example of a minor adjustment.