Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.


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Stop Changing The Clocks: Scroll Down



Dykes, Ronald Lee
... to Dykgraaf, Charles Chester


Dykgraaf, Cheryl Susan
... to Dykgraaf, Nicole Lynn


Dykgraaf, Nina
... to Dykhouse, Catherine Anne


Dykhouse, Cathleen Irene
... to Dykhouse, Erin Marie


Dykhouse, Esther Lucille
... to Dykhouse, Karlie Jo


Dykhouse, Kate Irene
... to Dykhouse, Robert John


Dykhouse, Robert W
... to Dykhuis, David Craig


Dykhuis, David John
... to Dykhuis, Richard William


Dykhuis, Robert Dale
... to Dykla, Chelsea Lynn


Dykla, Chelsea Lynn
... to Dykman, Dustin James


Dykman, Dwight Alton
... to Dykman, Mary Rose


Dykman, Matthew John
... to Dykman, Todd Paul


Dykman, Tracer Dale
... to Dyksterhouse, Dena Jean


Dyksterhouse, Gene Warren
... to Dykstra, Adam Scott


Dykstra, Aimee Lyn
... to Dykstra, Andrew Lawrence


Dykstra, Andrew Lawrence
... to Dykstra, Beth Ann


Dykstra, Beth Ann
... to Dykstra, Brian Scott


Dykstra, Brian Scott
... to Dykstra, Cathy Lee


Dykstra, Cathy Lee
... to Dykstra, Collin Case


Dykstra, Colt Jasen
... to Dykstra, David A


Dykstra, David Alan
... to Dykstra, Denise Marie


Dykstra, Denise Marie
... to Dykstra, Drew Stephen


Dykstra, Duane A
... to Dykstra, Ervin Gene


Dykstra, Ervin Lloyd
... to Dykstra, Heather Nelis


Dykstra, Heather Nicole
... to Dykstra, James Michael


Dykstra, James Michael
... to Dykstra, Jeffrey Louis


Dykstra, Jeffrey Louis
... to Dykstra, Joanna Beth


Dykstra, Joanne May-Wendla
... to Dykstra, Joseph Michael


Dykstra, Joseph Michael
... to Dykstra, Karley Noelle


Dykstra, Karley Noelle
... to Dykstra, Kelly Lynne


Dykstra, Kelly Marie
... to Dykstra, Kyle James


Dykstra, Kyle Ralph
... to Dykstra, Linda K


Dykstra, Linda Kay
... to Dykstra, Margaret Ruth


Dykstra, Maria C
... to Dykstra, Matthew Allen


Dykstra, Matthew Allen
... to Dykstra, Michael John


Dykstra, Michael John
... to Dykstra, Nick


Dykstra, Nick
... to Dykstra, Phyllis Anne


Dykstra, Phyllis Jean
... to Dykstra, Rick William


Dykstra, Ricky Lee
... to Dykstra, Sabina Ann-Baroni


Dykstra, Sabina Ann-Baroni
... to Dykstra, Sharon Joy


Dykstra, Sharon Kay
... to Dykstra, Susan June


Dykstra, Susan June
... to Dykstra, Thomas Peter


Dykstra, Thomas Peter
... to Dykstra, Tyler Scott


Dykstra, Tyler Steven
... to Dykyj, Patricia Ruth


Dykzeul, Joseph Martin-Michael
... to Dylenski, Craig Richard


Dylenski, Craig Richard
... to Dylhoff, Jessika Marie


Dylhoff, Julia M
... to Dyment, Mark


Dyment, Mark Anthony
... to Dymond, Cindy J


Dymond, Corey Allen
... to Dymond, Michael Joseph


Dymond, Michael Robert-Miller
... to Dymowski, Edward Julius


Dymowski, Edward Julius
... to Dynes, Paul Robert


Dynes, Robert D
... to Dyras, Laura Jean


Dyras, Lukasz Marek
... to Dys, Daniel Glenn


Dys, Dorothy Lois
... to Dysarczyk, Sarah Nicole


Dysarczyk, Susan Annette
... to Dysart, John Mark


Dysart, Jonathan Hayden
... to Dysert, Jennifer Lynne


Dysert, Kameron Vincent-Keith
... to Dysinger, Lisa Kay


Dysinger, Lorrie Anne
... to Dyson, Amy


Dyson, Andrea Nicole
... to Dyson, Daveon Xavier


Dyson, David Andrew
... to Dyson, Jojuan Bernard


Dyson, Jojuan Bernard
... to Dyson, Michael Thomas


Dyson, Michael Thomas
... to Dyson, Timothy Joseph


Dyson, Timothy Joseph
... to Dyszynski, Diane Carol


Dyszynski, Jennie Lilian
... to Dzafic, Semir


Dzafic, Senad
... to Dzapo, Carl Joseph


Dzapo, Constance Ozanich
... to Dzendzel, Angela Kay


Dzendzel, Angela Kay
... to Dziabuda, Patricia Ann


Dziabuda, Rachel Elizabeth-Ann
... to Dziadzio, Ashley Renee


Dziadzio, Ava E
... to Dziag, Regina Jadwiga


Dziak, Alison Cora
... to Dzialowski, James S


Dzialowski, Jennifer Louise
... to Dziduch, Roxann Michelle


Dziduch, Theodore Allen
... to Dziedzic, Antoinette Marie


Dziedzic, Ayrton Anthony
... to Dziedzic, Joyce Ann


Dziedzic, Judith Lynn
... to Dziedzic, Walter William


Dziedzic, Zina Suzanne
... to Dziekan, Linda Anne


Dziekan, Linda Joyce
... to Dzielinski, Phyllis Ann


Dzielinski, Sarah Marie
... to Dziengowski, Andrea Nicole


Dziengowski, Andrea Nicole
... to Dzierbicki, Diane Marie


Dzierbicki, Diane Sotomayor
... to Dzierwa, Stanley John


Dzierwa, Steven Daniel
... to Dziesinski, Alexander Cedric


Dziesinski, Amberly Brooke
... to Dziesinski, Phyllis Frances


Dziesinski, Randy Michael
... to Dziewiatkowski, Jason Todd


Dziewiatkowski, John Thomas
... to Dziewit, Maria Martha


Dziewit, Maria Martha
... to Dzikoski, Henrietta Theresa


Dzikovska, Andrea
... to Dzikowski, Margaret


Dzikowski, Mary Lien
... to Dzingle, Norman Richard


Dzingleski, Chad Michael
... to Dziordziewicz, Cody Joseph


Dziordziewicz, Mary Jennifer
... to Dziuba, Katherine Anna


Dziuba, Kathleen Ann
... to Dziubek, Anthony Leigh


Dziubek, Bryan Douglas
... to Dziura, Anthony Michael


Dziura, Autumn Elizabeth
... to Dziurgot, Nathan Matthew


Dziurgot, Philip Allan
... to Dziurman, Tara Lynn


Dziurman, Tara Lynn
... to Dzombak, Ivan Gregory


Dzombak, Jesse William-Penrod
... to Dzubak, Steven Michael


Dzubay, Laura D
... to Dzuris, Holly Rae


Dzuris, Holly Rae
... to Dzurka, Kathleen Ann


Dzurka, Kathleen Ann
... to Dzwik, Bernadette


Dzwik, Bernard
... to Dzwonkowski, John Edward


Dzwonkowski, Joseph Allen
... to Dzyuba, Megan Aileen


Daylight Saving Time:
End It, Don’t Extend It!


Central Standard Time is the mean solar time of 90° west, the blue line at the left. Eastern Standard Time is the mean solar time of 75° west, the blue line down the middle. The red line between them is 82.5° west, where the boundary between Central Standard Time and Eastern Standard Time belongs. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, another name for Atlantic Standard Time, is the mean solar time of 60° west, the blue line at the right.

Only a sliver of Michigan, east of 82.5° west longitude, the red line at the right, belongs on Eastern Standard Time.

     Michigan does not belong on Eastern Daylight Saving Time, which is the same as Atlantic Standard Time. She is simply too far west.

     When Eastern Standard Time is observed, the clocks in Ontonagon Elementary School in Ontonagon are 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time. Switching to Central Standard Time would make the clocks 2 minutes and 48 seconds behind their local mean solar time. However, when Eastern Daylight Saving Time is observed, the clocks are 1 hour, 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time.

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” — John Adams, Argument in Defense of the British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre Trials, 4 December 1770.



     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks. Let’s keep the clocks set to the wrong time year-round. They think the government can give them more daylight by tampering with the clocks, which is like thinking you can gain or lose weight by tampering with your scale.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue that folks have become habituated more to daylight saving time, observing it 8 months every year, than to standard time; but this is because lawmakers forced it onto us. If this bad habit is passed onto little children who are learning how to tell time, when will the bad habit ever be broken?

     Supporters of year-round standard time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks, and forces people to observe the wrong time of day when daylight saving time is in effect. End it, don’t extend it. Let’s not kick the can down the road and burden future generations with the wrong time. Over the years, businesses will adapt, using winter hours and summer hours, same as libraries do. Let’s keep the clocks set to the time that most closely approximates their actual mean solar time. If you want a long sunlit afternoon, then work from 7:00 to 16:00 standard time, which is the same as 8:00 to 17:00 daylight saving time. Petition your employer, but don’t try to force everybody to keep their clocks set to the wrong time.

A State can exempt herself from daylight saving time without federal approval. See 15 U.S. Code § 260a(a)(1), but year-round daylight saving time requires an Act of Congress.



What is mean solar time?


     Earth rotates on its axis in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.098903691 seconds1, but moves along on its orbit during that time, so it takes a few minutes longer for your hemisphere to face the Sun again. Since the orbit is not circular, the length of a solar day varies during the year. To avoid having days of different lengths, the mean (average) day of 24 hours is used. If the Sun transits your meridian, on average, 12 hours after your clock strikes midnight, then your clock is set to the mean (average) solar time of your longitude. For more about solar (Sun) days versus sidereal (other stars) days, see https://www.universetoday.com/47181/earths-rotation/


What does “belong” mean?


     As used here, a place belongs on a time that is no more than 30 minutes away from its local mean solar time. A time zone boundary belongs at the meridian where the local mean solar time is 30 minutes ahead of the standard time in the time zone to the west and 30 minutes behind the standard time in the time zone to the east. Obviously, minor adjustments are recommendable so that the actual boundaries do not run through Tampa, Florida or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Brownsville, Texas. The boundary between the Eastern Time Zone and the Atlantic Time Zone, running along the international boundary between Maine, U.S.A. and New Brunswick, Canada, is an example of a minor adjustment.