Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.


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Stop Changing The Clocks: Scroll Down



Ruzza, Joanne Mary
... to Ruzzin, Richard Michael


Ruzzin, Robert Dennis
... to Ryal, Steven Lee


Ryal, Tammy Lynn
... to Ryals, Jessica Leigh


Ryals, Jillian Elizabeth
... to Ryan, Adeline E


Ryan, Adelle Marie
... to Ryan, Amber Marie


Ryan, Amber Rose
... to Ryan, Angela May


Ryan, Ankie
... to Ryan, Ashley Marie


Ryan, Ashley Marie
... to Ryan, Bethany Anne


Ryan, Bethany Anne
... to Ryan, Brenda Jean


Ryan, Brenda Jo
... to Ryan, Caleb Todd


Ryan, Callie Rebecca
... to Ryan, Catherine Ann


Ryan, Catherine Ann
... to Ryan, Cheryl Lynn


Ryan, Chester Lee
... to Ryan, Claire Elizabeth


Ryan, Claire M
... to Ryan, Cory Louise


Ryan, Cory Louise
... to Ryan, Daniel Edward


Ryan, Daniel Edward
... to Ryan, Daniel Vincent


Ryan, Dan Jack
... to Ryan, David Wayne


Ryan, David Wayne
... to Ryan, Dennis Grant


Ryan, Dennis Grant
... to Ryan, Donald Keith


Ryan, Donald L
... to Ryan, Edward John


Ryan, Edward Joseph
... to Ryan, Emily Lyn


Ryan, Emily Lynn
... to Ryan, Faun


Ryan, Faye
... to Ryan, Gerald Patrick


Ryan, Gerald Patrick
... to Ryan, Heather Campbell


Ryan, Heather Colleen
... to Ryan, Jack Myll


Ryan, Jack Patrick
... to Ryan, James Edward


Ryan, James Edward
... to Ryan, James Rogers


Ryan, James Rogers
... to Ryan, Jason Andrew


Ryan, Jason Andrew
... to Ryan, Jeffrey Michael


Ryan, Jeffrey Michael
... to Ryan, Jeremy Scott


Ryan, Jeremy Scott
... to Ryan, Joel Duane


Ryan, Joel Duane
... to Ryan, John P


Ryan, John Patrick
... to Ryan, Joseph Mandell


Ryan, Joseph Mather
... to Ryan, Julia Ann


Ryan, Julia Ann
... to Ryan, Karen Marie


Ryan, Karen Marie
... to Ryan, Kathryn Ann


Ryan, Kathryn Ann
... to Ryan, Kelly Jane


Ryan, Kelly Jean
... to Ryan, Kevin Allan


Ryan, Kevin Andrew
... to Ryan, Kirsten Diane


Ryan, Kirsten Nilsen
... to Ryan, Larissa Joy


Ryan, Larissa Joy
... to Ryan, Lillian Mary


Ryan, Lillian Mary
... to Ryan, Lois J


Ryan, Lois Marion
... to Ryan, Mae Etta


Ryan, Magdalene A
... to Ryan, Marjorie Louise


Ryan, Mark
... to Ryan, Maryann B


Ryan, Mary Anne
... to Ryan, Matthew James


Ryan, Matthew James
... to Ryan, Melissa Ann


Ryan, Melissa Ann
... to Ryan, Michael Francis


Ryan, Michael Francis
... to Ryan, Michael Lee


Ryan, Michael Levi
... to Ryan, Michelle Marie


Ryan, Michelle Marie
... to Ryan, Nancy Lee


Ryan, Nancy Lee
... to Ryan, Nicole Lynn


Ryan, Nicole Lynn
... to Ryan, Patricia Ann


Ryan, Patricia Ann
... to Ryan, Patrick Michael


Ryan, Patrick Michael
... to Ryan, Phillip Shane


Ryan, Phyllis
... to Ryan, Rebecca Lynne


Ryan, Rebecca Maryanne
... to Ryan, Robert Christopher


Ryan, Robert Christopher
... to Ryan, Robin Marie


Ryan, Robin Marie
... to Ryan, Royce Paul


Ryan, Roy Edward
... to Ryan, Sarah Renee


Ryan, Sara Lucille
... to Ryan, Sergei David


Ryan, Sergei David
... to Ryan, Shawn Thomas


Ryan, Shawn William
... to Ryan, Spencer James


Ryan, Spencer Patrick
... to Ryan, Stewart


Ryan, Stuart
... to Ryan, Taylor Curtis-Patrick


Ryan, Taylor Danielle
... to Ryan, Thomas Jacob


Ryan, Thomas James
... to Ryan, Timothy Lawrence


Ryan, Timothy Lee
... to Ryan, Travis William


Ryan, Tray Arthur
... to Ryan, Wendi Maureen


Ryan, Wendi Maureen
... to Ryan, William T


Ryan, William Theodore
... to Ryan Ortiz, Cody Matthew


Ryan-Parsley, Cheryl Ann
... to Ryans, Joshua Donnell


Ryans, Joshua Donnell
... to Ryans-Mcghee, Mintoria Michell


Ryans-Mcghee, Mintoria Michell
... to Ryba, Gregory Richard


Ryba, Hannah Patricia
... to Ryba, Sherri Michele


Ryba, Sherri Michele
... to Rybak, Arthur Stanley


Rybak, Barbara Ann
... to Rybak, Max


Rybak, Meaghan Elizabeth
... to Rybar, Thomas Andrew


Rybarczyk, Abby Lynn
... to Rybarczyk, Michael William


Rybarczyk, Monica Martinez
... to Rybarz, Teddy Peter


Rybaski, Adriana Maria
... to Rybicki, Barbara Jean


Rybicki, Benedict Peter
... to Rybicki, Gabriel Richard


Rybicki, Gary Joseph
... to Rybicki, Laura Joy


Rybicki, Laura Marie
... to Rybicki, Peter Thomas


Rybicki, Phillip John
... to Rybicki, Tiffany Bernice


Rybicki, Timothy Gerard
... to Rybinski, Joan Christine


Rybinski, Joan Christine
... to Rybiski, Chelsea Jo


Rybiski, Chelsea Jo
... to Rybka, Nicholas Craig


Rybka, Richard A
... to Rybski, Alisa Jayn


Rybski, Allison Lynn
... to Ryce, Christopher Elliot


Ryce, Dorian Anthony
... to Rycenga, Roger Glenn


Rycenga, Sarah Jane
... to Rychener, Nancy Ann


Rychener, Patricia Ann
... to Rychlinski, Ryan Jeffrey


Rychlinski, Sandra Lee
... to Ryckbost, William Ronald


Ryckeart, Kathy Sue
... to Ryckman, Claire Julia


Ryckman, Clesson Leroy
... to Ryckman, Jamelee Ann


Ryckman, James Joseph
... to Ryckman, Nathan Darby


Ryckman, Nathan Darby
... to Ryckman, Zachary Stewart


Ryckman-Green, Lyla Marie
... to Ryczek, Timothy Ray


Ryczko, Amy Anne
... to Rydahl, Zachary Spencer


Rydahl, Zachary Spencer
... to Rydel, Jocelyn Beth


Rydel, Jocelyn Beth
... to Ryder, Abigail Elizabeth


Ryder, Adam Charles
... to Ryder, Bryan Arthur


Ryder, Bryan Patrick
... to Ryder, Danielle Sanderson


Ryder, Danielle Sanderson
... to Ryder, Grace Elizabeth


Ryder, Grace Elizabeth
... to Ryder, Joleen Marie


Ryder, Joleen Marie
... to Ryder, Kurt Edwin


Ryder, Kurt Lee
... to Ryder, Matt Shema


Ryder, Megan Ashley
... to Ryder, Paul Douglas


Ryder, Paul Edward
... to Ryder, Samuel John


Ryder, Sandra Eileen
... to Ryder, Terry Elaine


Ryder, Terry W
... to Ryder-Stephens, Terry Lynn


Rydeski, Marlene Jane
... to Rydlicki, Christine Marie


Rydlicki, Christine Marie
... to Rydman, Scott L


Rydman, Shelly Ann
... to Rydwelski, Margaret Abagail


Rydwelski, Tiffany Mechelle
... to Rydzewski, Robert John


Rydzewski, Roger Dennis
... to Rye, Beth Ann


Rye, Beth Ann
... to Rye, Dylan Daniel


Rye, Dylan Daniel
... to Rye, John William


Rye, Jonathan Peter
... to Rye, Nicole Diane


Rye, Noah Fredrick
... to Rye, Tracy L


Rye, Trevor
... to Ryers, Noah James


Ryers, Reicke Mark
... to Ryerson, Beverly Jean


Ryerson, Brenda Kay
... to Ryerson, Thomas Isaac


Ryerson, Thomas James
... to Rygg, David Lane


Rygg, Gregory Aaron-Scott
... to Rygwelski, Benjamin Patrick


Rygwelski, Blanche Theresa
... to Rygwelski, Sherry Lee


Rygwelski, Sherry Lee
... to Ryke, Douglas William


Ryke, Douglas William
... to Rykert, James E


Rykert, James Edgar
... to Rykse, Dayna Louise


Rykse, Dayna Louise
... to Rykse, Mary Catherine


Rykse, Mary Catherine
... to Rykulski, Leona Wanda


Rykulski, Marilyn Marie
... to Ryland, Florence Louise


Ryland, Frank Louis
... to Ryle, Joyce Carline


Ryle, Julia Lee
... to Ryll, Hannah Marguerite


Ryll, Hannah Marguerite
... to Rymal, Tricia Ann


Rymal, Tricia Ann
... to Rymanowicz, Charles Frank


Rymanowicz, Colleen Marie
... to Rymarz, Collin Conner


Rymarz, Dennis David
... to Rymerson, Erin Leigh


Rymerson, Michelle Desiree
... to Rymph, Tracy Katherine


Rymsha, Andrew Anthony
... to Rynberg, Heather Taylor


Rynberg, Heidi Maria
... to Rynbrandt, Cole Chadwick


Rynbrandt, Dale
... to Rynd, Danny James


Rynd, Darby Lynn
... to Rynearson, Cathey Lynn


Rynearson, Cheryl Lynn
... to Ryner, Julie S


Ryner, Julie Stevens
... to Ryniak, Mary Frances


Ryniak, Maxwell John
... to Ryniewicz, Thadine Stephanie


Ryniewicz, Thomas Fredrick
... to Ryno, Kae Fern


Ryno, Kathleen Gay
... to Ryntz, Daniel Joseph


Ryntz, Daniel Joseph
... to Ryon, Mary Louise


Daylight Saving Time:
End It, Don’t Extend It!


Central Standard Time is the mean solar time of 90° west, the blue line at the left. Eastern Standard Time is the mean solar time of 75° west, the blue line down the middle. The red line between them is 82.5° west, where the boundary between Central Standard Time and Eastern Standard Time belongs. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, another name for Atlantic Standard Time, is the mean solar time of 60° west, the blue line at the right.

Only a sliver of Michigan, east of 82.5° west longitude, the red line at the right, belongs on Eastern Standard Time.

     Michigan does not belong on Eastern Daylight Saving Time, which is the same as Atlantic Standard Time. She is simply too far west.

     When Eastern Standard Time is observed, the clocks in Ontonagon Elementary School in Ontonagon are 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time. Switching to Central Standard Time would make the clocks 2 minutes and 48 seconds behind their local mean solar time. However, when Eastern Daylight Saving Time is observed, the clocks are 1 hour, 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time.

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” — John Adams, Argument in Defense of the British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre Trials, 4 December 1770.



     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks. Let’s keep the clocks set to the wrong time year-round. They think the government can give them more daylight by tampering with the clocks, which is like thinking you can gain or lose weight by tampering with your scale.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue that folks have become habituated more to daylight saving time, observing it 8 months every year, than to standard time; but this is because lawmakers forced it onto us. If this bad habit is passed onto little children who are learning how to tell time, when will the bad habit ever be broken?

     Supporters of year-round standard time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks, and forces people to observe the wrong time of day when daylight saving time is in effect. End it, don’t extend it. Let’s not kick the can down the road and burden future generations with the wrong time. Over the years, businesses will adapt, using winter hours and summer hours, same as libraries do. Let’s keep the clocks set to the time that most closely approximates their actual mean solar time. If you want a long sunlit afternoon, then work from 7:00 to 16:00 standard time, which is the same as 8:00 to 17:00 daylight saving time. Petition your employer, but don’t try to force everybody to keep their clocks set to the wrong time.

A State can exempt herself from daylight saving time without federal approval. See 15 U.S. Code § 260a(a)(1), but year-round daylight saving time requires an Act of Congress.



What is mean solar time?


     Earth rotates on its axis in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.098903691 seconds1, but moves along on its orbit during that time, so it takes a few minutes longer for your hemisphere to face the Sun again. Since the orbit is not circular, the length of a solar day varies during the year. To avoid having days of different lengths, the mean (average) day of 24 hours is used. If the Sun transits your meridian, on average, 12 hours after your clock strikes midnight, then your clock is set to the mean (average) solar time of your longitude. For more about solar (Sun) days versus sidereal (other stars) days, see https://www.universetoday.com/47181/earths-rotation/


What does “belong” mean?


     As used here, a place belongs on a time that is no more than 30 minutes away from its local mean solar time. A time zone boundary belongs at the meridian where the local mean solar time is 30 minutes ahead of the standard time in the time zone to the west and 30 minutes behind the standard time in the time zone to the east. Obviously, minor adjustments are recommendable so that the actual boundaries do not run through Tampa, Florida or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Brownsville, Texas. The boundary between the Eastern Time Zone and the Atlantic Time Zone, running along the international boundary between Maine, U.S.A. and New Brunswick, Canada, is an example of a minor adjustment.