Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.


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Stop Changing The Clocks: Scroll Down



Swancutt, Stacey Elizabeth
... to Swander, Robbie Don


Swander, Robert Alan
... to Swaney, Alaina Renee


Swaney, Alaina Renee
... to Swaney, Gregory Charles


Swaney, Gregory Charles
... to Swaney, Rick


Swaney, Robbin Denise
... to Swanger, David Richard


Swanger, Deborah Vera
... to Swango, Eric James


Swango, Jonathan Michael
... to Swanigan, Derez Hosea


Swanigan, Derez Hosea
... to Swanigan, Kenneth Wayne


Swanigan, Kevin M
... to Swanigan, Robert David


Swanigan, Robert David
... to Swaninger, Paula Jean


Swaninger, Roger Irwin
... to Swank, Christina Marie


Swank, Christine Ann
... to Swank, Homer C


Swank, Hope Louise-Ruddock
... to Swank, Laporcha Lynn


Swank, Laporcha Lynn
... to Swank, Rayanne Leslie


Swank, Rayanne Leslie
... to Swank, Tyler Scot


Swank, Tyrus Aaron
... to Swann, Aubrey Eugene


Swann, Aubrey Eugene
... to Swann, Hope


Swann, Howard Neal
... to Swann, Lundie


Swann, Lynette Monique
... to Swann, Thomasina


Swann, Tiara-Janae Yasmia
... to Swans, Nicole Joyce


Swans, Nicole Joyce
... to Swanson, Adam Scott


Swanson, Adam Scott
... to Swanson, Alonna Ann-Marie


Swanson, Alta Luana
... to Swanson, Angela Lauren


Swanson, Angela Lauren
... to Swanson, Ashley Nicole


Swanson, Ashley Rene
... to Swanson, Beverly Lynn


Swanson, Beverly Lynn
... to Swanson, Brett William


Swanson, Briana Laine
... to Swanson, Carl George


Swanson, Carl Gustav
... to Swanson, Charles M


Swanson, Charles Patrick
... to Swanson, Clare


Swanson, Clarence Arthur
... to Swanson, Curt Robert


Swanson, Curt Robert
... to Swanson, Darlinda Kaye


Swanson, Darrell Edwin
... to Swanson, Dawn Victoria


Swanson, Dayvid Alexander
... to Swanson, Dianne Irene


Swanson, Dim L
... to Swanson, Douglas Richard


Swanson, Douglas Wayne
... to Swanson, Emily Anne


Swanson, Emilyann Gail
... to Swanson, Erik Kyle


Swanson, Erik Mikel
... to Swanson, Gerald Thomas


Swanson, Gerald Thomas
... to Swanson, Hanna Rose


Swanson, Hanna Rose
... to Swanson, Ivan Edward


Swanson, Ivan Edward
... to Swanson, James Robert


Swanson, James Robert
... to Swanson, Jay Lewis


Swanson, Jay Lewis
... to Swanson, Jennifer Sue


Swanson, Jennifer Sue
... to Swanson, Joan Mary


Swanson, Jo Ann
... to Swanson, Jon Cloyd


Swanson, Jon David
... to Swanson, Julie Ann


Swanson, Julie Ann
... to Swanson, Karissa Janea


Swanson, Karissa Janea
... to Swanson, Keena Marie-Kristi


Swanson, Keena Marie-Kristi
... to Swanson, Kevin John


Swanson, Kevin John
... to Swanson, Kristina Marie


Swanson, Kristina Marie
... to Swanson, Lauren Fawn


Swanson, Lauren Hyde
... to Swanson, Lisa Marie


Swanson, Lisa Marie
... to Swanson, Marc Nicholas


Swanson, Marc Nicholas
... to Swanson, Marni Fae


Swanson, Marquerite Irene
... to Swanson, Matthew William


Swanson, Maureen Ormsby
... to Swanson, Michael Louis


Swanson, Michael Morris
... to Swanson, Nathan Allen


Swanson, Nathan Allen
... to Swanson, Ortensia


Swanson, Oscar Kaiser
... to Swanson, Paul William


Swanson, Payton Kay
... to Swanson, Regina Darlene


Swanson, Reginald Kenneth
... to Swanson, Robert Carl


Swanson, Robert Charles
... to Swanson, Rodney Michael


Swanson, Rodney Tyler
... to Swanson, Ruthann Elizabeth


Swanson, Ruth E
... to Swanson, Sara Katherine


Swanson, Sara Katherine
... to Swanson, Sharon Marie


Swanson, Sharron Lea
... to Swanson, Stephanie Ann


Swanson, Stephanie Ann
... to Swanson, Sven Santini


Swanson, Sven Santini
... to Swanson, Thomas Albert


Swanson, Thomas Allen
... to Swanson, Torrie Lynn


Swanson, Torrie Lynn
... to Swanson, Viola Kay


Swanson, Viola Kay
... to Swanson-Ballard, Sharon Louise


Swanson-Bey, Ezekiel Phillip
... to Swanteck, Kathleen Ann


Swanteck, Kayla Ashley
... to Swantek, Jesse Brian


Swantek, Jessica Katie
... to Swantek, Robert Joseph


Swantek, Robert Joseph
... to Swantner, Kevin Scott


Swantner, Larry Ray
... to Swanty, Ernest Edward


Swanty, Jo-Ann Frances
... to Swap, Nikki M


Swap, Pamela Ann
... to Sward, Shardae Beth


Sward, Stacie Lynn
... to Swarn, Rodney Kierre


Swarn, Rodney Kierre
... to Swart, Dolores Marie


Swart, Dolores Marie
... to Swart, Michael John


Swart, Michael John
... to Swart, Travis Benjamin-John


Swart, Travis Benjamin-John
... to Swarthout, Charles Stephen


Swarthout, Charles Ward
... to Swarthout, Imogene


Swarthout, Irene Elaine
... to Swarthout, Mark Timothy


Swarthout, Mark Wellington
... to Swarthout, Tracey Ann


Swarthout, Traci Leigh
... to Swartout, Donald Jerry


Swartout, Donald Jerry
... to Swartout, Nita Joyce


Swartout, Noel Fay
... to Swarts, Benjamin Michael


Swarts, Benjamin Michael
... to Swarts, Linda Lou


Swarts, Linda Lou
... to Swartwood, Ashton Lane


Swartwood, Bonnie Christine
... to Swartz, Alan Duane


Swartz, Alan Edward
... to Swartz, Anna May


Swartz, Anna Michelle
... to Swartz, Branden Lee


Swartz, Branden Lee
... to Swartz, Christine Sylvia


Swartz, Christopher Alan
... to Swartz, David Alfred


Swartz, David Allen
... to Swartz, Donald William


Swartz, Donald William
... to Swartz, Eugene Anthony


Swartz, Eula P
... to Swartz, Iva Mae


Swartz, Jack Dean
... to Swartz, Jeffrey Brian


Swartz, Jeffrey Daniel
... to Swartz, Joesph Edward-A


Swartz, Joesph Edward-A
... to Swartz, Julia Ann


Swartz, Julia Katherine
... to Swartz, Kenneth Raymond


Swartz, Kenneth Stephen
... to Swartz, Lisa Marie


Swartz, Lisa Marie
... to Swartz, Marybeth Ann


Swartz, Mary Deniece
... to Swartz, Michele Denise


Swartz, Michele Marie
... to Swartz, Patricia Ann


Swartz, Patricia Ann
... to Swartz, Richard Wayne


Swartz, Richard William
... to Swartz, Ryan Charles


Swartz, Ryan Charles
... to Swartz, Sonia Esperanza


Swartz, Sonny
... to Swartz, Terrill Joseph


Swartz, Terry Lee
... to Swartz, Whitney Sue


Swartz, Wilfred Paul
... to Swartzendruber, Ashley Renee


Swartzendruber, Audrey Louise
... to Swartzendruber, Lisa Jan


Swartzendruber, Lori Ann
... to Swartzentrover, Richard Neal


Swartzentrover, Wendy Mae
... to Swartzlander, Aaron Michael


Swartzlander, Aaron Michael
... to Swartzmiller, Jason Lee


Swartzmiller, Jason Lee
... to Swary, Mary Catherine


Swary, Mohammed-Saleem Abdulazeez
... to Swaso-Waterman, Carola Evonne


Swastek, Alexander John
... to Swathwood, Sarah Ann


Swathwood, Sarah Ann
... to Swats, Joshua Edmund


Swats, Kathleen Sue
... to Swauger, Lisa Marie


Swauger, Michael
... to Swayne, Brian Lee


Swayne, Chadwick Ray
... to Swaynie, Chelsie Lynn


Swaynie, Chelsie Lynn
... to Swayze, Daniel Rodney


Swayze, Daniel Rodney
... to Swayze, Rodney Arthur


Swayze, Ryan Edgar
... to Swazey, Sarah Frances


Swazey, Tiffanie Renae
... to Swearengen, Margaret Lynn


Swearengen, Mary Lou
... to Swearingen, Bobby Joe


Swearingen, Brad Charles
... to Swearingen, Seth Anthony


Swearingen, Sherry Patricia-Colleen
... to Swears, Wendy Carol


Swears, William B
... to Sweat, Kalani Belle


Sweat, Karen Ann
... to Sweat-Alford, Nicholas Oshae-Lee


Sweat-Alford, Nicholas Oshae-Lee
... to Sweatt, David D


Sweatt, Deangelo Duree
... to Sweckard, Jeremy James


Sweckard, Kenton Wayne
... to Swedberg, Matthew Kenneth


Swedberg, Michael Stephen
... to Swedish, James Evan


Swedish, Joseph Robert
... to Swee, Kelly Ann


Swee, Kevin George
... to Sweebe, Rene Lynn


Sweebe, Rita Ann
... to Sweedyk, Steven Charles


Sweedyk, Tarah Lynnae
... to Sweeney, Andrew Ryan


Sweeney, Andrew Ryan
... to Sweeney, Bradley Thomas


Sweeney, Bradley Thomas
... to Sweeney, Carol Jean


Sweeney, Carol Lynn
... to Sweeney, Colleen Mary


Sweeney, Conner Michael
... to Sweeney, David Patrick


Sweeney, David Scott
... to Sweeney, Eleanor Lucille


Sweeney, Eleanor Lucille
... to Sweeney, Garrett Arnold


Sweeney, Garry Charles
... to Sweeney, James Henry


Sweeney, James Howard
... to Sweeney, Jennifer Marie


Sweeney, Jennifer Marie
... to Sweeney, John Michael


Sweeney, John Michael
... to Sweeney, Katherine Marie


Daylight Saving Time:
End It, Don’t Extend It!


Central Standard Time is the mean solar time of 90° west, the blue line at the left. Eastern Standard Time is the mean solar time of 75° west, the blue line down the middle. The red line between them is 82.5° west, where the boundary between Central Standard Time and Eastern Standard Time belongs. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, another name for Atlantic Standard Time, is the mean solar time of 60° west, the blue line at the right.

Only a sliver of Michigan, east of 82.5° west longitude, the red line at the right, belongs on Eastern Standard Time.

     Michigan does not belong on Eastern Daylight Saving Time, which is the same as Atlantic Standard Time. She is simply too far west.

     When Eastern Standard Time is observed, the clocks in Ontonagon Elementary School in Ontonagon are 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time. Switching to Central Standard Time would make the clocks 2 minutes and 48 seconds behind their local mean solar time. However, when Eastern Daylight Saving Time is observed, the clocks are 1 hour, 57 minutes and 12 seconds ahead of their local mean solar time.

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” — John Adams, Argument in Defense of the British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre Trials, 4 December 1770.



     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks. Let’s keep the clocks set to the wrong time year-round. They think the government can give them more daylight by tampering with the clocks, which is like thinking you can gain or lose weight by tampering with your scale.

     Supporters of year-round daylight saving time argue that folks have become habituated more to daylight saving time, observing it 8 months every year, than to standard time; but this is because lawmakers forced it onto us. If this bad habit is passed onto little children who are learning how to tell time, when will the bad habit ever be broken?

     Supporters of year-round standard time argue: Changing the clocks twice a year really stinks, and forces people to observe the wrong time of day when daylight saving time is in effect. End it, don’t extend it. Let’s not kick the can down the road and burden future generations with the wrong time. Over the years, businesses will adapt, using winter hours and summer hours, same as libraries do. Let’s keep the clocks set to the time that most closely approximates their actual mean solar time. If you want a long sunlit afternoon, then work from 7:00 to 16:00 standard time, which is the same as 8:00 to 17:00 daylight saving time. Petition your employer, but don’t try to force everybody to keep their clocks set to the wrong time.

A State can exempt herself from daylight saving time without federal approval. See 15 U.S. Code § 260a(a)(1), but year-round daylight saving time requires an Act of Congress.



What is mean solar time?


     Earth rotates on its axis in 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.098903691 seconds1, but moves along on its orbit during that time, so it takes a few minutes longer for your hemisphere to face the Sun again. Since the orbit is not circular, the length of a solar day varies during the year. To avoid having days of different lengths, the mean (average) day of 24 hours is used. If the Sun transits your meridian, on average, 12 hours after your clock strikes midnight, then your clock is set to the mean (average) solar time of your longitude. For more about solar (Sun) days versus sidereal (other stars) days, see https://www.universetoday.com/47181/earths-rotation/


What does “belong” mean?


     As used here, a place belongs on a time that is no more than 30 minutes away from its local mean solar time. A time zone boundary belongs at the meridian where the local mean solar time is 30 minutes ahead of the standard time in the time zone to the west and 30 minutes behind the standard time in the time zone to the east. Obviously, minor adjustments are recommendable so that the actual boundaries do not run through Tampa, Florida or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Brownsville, Texas. The boundary between the Eastern Time Zone and the Atlantic Time Zone, running along the international boundary between Maine, U.S.A. and New Brunswick, Canada, is an example of a minor adjustment.