Registered voters in the State of Michigan, U.S.A.

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How To Secure Clean Elections: Scroll Down

Twa, Susan Lorraine
... to Twardokus, Michael Andrew

Twardokus, Michael Andrew
... to Twardy, Theresa Marie

Twardy, Theresa Marie
... to Twarowski, Kimberly Anne

Twarowski, Lee Hunter
... to Tweddle, Joy Ella

Tweddle, Joy Ella
... to Tweedale, Blair Anthony

Tweedale, Blair Anthony
... to Tweedie, Elaine Rae

Tweedie, Erin Anastasia
... to Tweedly, Cecelia Lynn

Tweedly, Cecelia Lynn
... to Tweedy, Juanita Ruth

Tweedy, Julie Autumn
... to Twells, Leslie Jean

Twells, Leslie Jean
... to Twichell, Duston Richard

Twichell, Emily Joann
... to Twiddy, Garrett James

Twiddy, James Allen
... to Twiest, Robin Jo

Twiest, Ryan Fredrick
... to Twigg, Danae Patrice

Twigg, Danielle Jay
... to Twigg, Margaret May

Twigg, Mark Jeffrey
... to Twiggs, Carmen Meilani

Twiggs, Christopher C
... to Twilley, Jermaine Van

Twilley, Joe Davis
... to Twine, George Edward

Twine, Kennedy Lynn
... to Twining, Hannah Kathleen

Twining, Hannah Kathleen
... to Twining, Matthew Russell

Twining, Maxwell Kenny
... to Twinney, Marc Stephen

Twinney, Marc Stephen
... to Twiss, Leon Dean

Twiss, Linda Kay
... to Twist, Sally Jean

Twist, Sally Jean
... to Twitty, Anna Grace

Twitty, Armani Lamont
... to Two-Bears, Marie Ann

Two-Bears, Marie Ann
... to Twombly, Brianne Siobhan

Twombly, Carole English
... to Twomey, Rory Byron

Twomey, Rose Marie
... to Tworek, Eric Charles

Tworek, Frederick John
... to Twork, Crystal Kay

Twork, Daniel Edmond
... to Twork, Nicole Ann-Marie

Twork, Nicole Ann-Marie
... to Twu, Cathy Eugenia

Twu, Emily Joyce
... to Twyman, Kecia Lanee

Twyman, Kevin Anthony
... to Twymon, Emmaline

Twymon, Emmaline
... to Tyack, Carl S

Tyack, Carl Stewart
... to Tyburczyk, Delores

Tyburczyk, Derek Richard
... to Tyburski, Shawn Ray

Tyburski, Siegfried
... to Tyczkowski, Debra Ann

Tyczkowski, Dolores Catherine
... to Tye, Cleo E

Tye, Colton Thomas-Timothy
... to Tye, Joyce Ann

Tye, Joyce Patricia
... to Tye, Rachael Marie

Tye, Ralph Al
... to Tyer, Jane Elizabeth

Tyer, Janet M
... to Tygesen, Gaylord Lee

Tygesen, Jacqueline Gail
... to Tyitye, Kelle Louise

Tyitye, Linda Denise
... to Tykoski, Nicholas Donald

Tykoski, Nicholas Donald
... to Tyl, Patricia Jeanne

Tyl, Reina Marie
... to Tylenda, Christopher James

Tylenda, Craig Douglas
... to Tyler, Alexis Madison

Tyler, Alexis Simone
... to Tyler, Andrew C

Tyler, Andrew Charles
... to Tyler, Anthony Lee

Tyler, Anthony Lee
... to Tyler, Austin Lee

Tyler, Autumn Rachelle
... to Tyler, Billy Joe

Tyler, Billy Joe
... to Tyler, Brianne Rose

Tyler, Brianne Rose
... to Tyler, Carol L

Tyler, Carolyn Ann
... to Tyler, Cheryl Ann

Tyler, Cheryl Dawn
... to Tyler, Clare Lynn

Tyler, Clare Lynn
... to Tyler, Crecelia Denise

Tyler, Crystal Ann
... to Tyler, Darin Andrew

Tyler, Darin Andrew
... to Tyler, David William

Tyler, David William
... to Tyler, Derrah Trechell

Tyler, Derrah Trechell
... to Tyler, Douglas Earl

Tyler, Douglas Edward
... to Tyler, Ella May

Tyler, Ellen L
... to Tyler, Fannie Lee

Tyler, Felecia Ann
... to Tyler, Geriya Jasmin

Tyler, Germain Dasper
... to Tyler, Henry C

Tyler, Henry David-Hiram
... to Tyler, James

Tyler, James
... to Tyler, Janet Catherine

Tyler, Janet Kay
... to Tyler, Jenny Marian

Tyler, Jeremiah Dearborn
... to Tyler, John James

Tyler, John Jeffery
... to Tyler, Joy Almeda

Tyler, Joy Almeda
... to Tyler, Katherine Lynne

Tyler, Katherine Margaret
... to Tyler, Kenneth James-Lamonte

Tyler, Kenneth Lawrence
... to Tyler, Kira Lee

Tyler, Kira Whitney
... to Tyler, Larry Johnel

Tyler, Larry Lamont
... to Tyler, Levi Bartholomew

Tyler, Levi Bartholomew
... to Tyler, Lyle Richard

Tyler, Lyndsay Marie
... to Tyler, Marjorie

Tyler, Marjorie Laverne
... to Tyler, Mary Kathryn

Tyler, Mary Lawrence
... to Tyler, Melissa Marie

Tyler, Melissa Nashawn-Louise
... to Tyler, Mitchell Gerard

Tyler, Mitchell Gerard
... to Tyl.Er, Nicole Simone

Tyler, Nicole Simone
... to Tyler, Paul Kevin

Tyler, Paul Matthew
... to Tyler, Raven Lashay

Tyler, Ray
... to Tyler, Riley Lauren

Tyler, Rita Ellen
... to Tyler, Ronald Martin

Tyler, Ronald Martin
... to Tyler, Sandra Joyce

Tyler, Sandra Joyce
... to Tyler, Shannon Nicole

Tyler, Shanqueta Quantee
... to Tyler, Shirley Rayonnon-Reenay

Tyler, Shirley Rayonnon-Reenay
... to Tyler, Steven Robert

Tyler, Steven Robert
... to Tyler, Tara Ann

Tyler, Tara Leann
... to Tyler, Tess Elizabeth

Tyler, Tevin Alexander
... to Tyler, Timothy John

Tyler, Timothy John
... to Tyler, Trevor J

Tyler, Trevor James
... to Tyler, Virginia Mae

Tyler, Virginia Renee
... to Tyler, Yvonne Marie

Tyler, Yvonne Marie
... to Tyler-Wehner, Sarah Elizabeth

Tyler-Wehner, Sarah Elizabeth
... to Tyll, Betty Lou

Tyll, Billy Joe
... to Tyll, Robert Edward

Tyll, Robert Edward
... to Tylutki, Candace Lynn

Tylutki, Candace Lynn
... to Tylutki, Sharon Lorraine

Tylutki, Shawn Lashelle
... to Tymensky, Linda Ellen

Tymensky, Nancy Jean
... to Tyminski-Childs, Karen Aileen

Tymitz, Bernadette Marie
... to Tymrak, Frank Charles

Tymrak, Frank Charles
... to Tynan, Jeffrey Alan

Tynan, Jeffrey Alan
... to Tyndall, Brett James

Tyndall, Britney Marie
... to Tyndall, Larry Lee

Tyndall, Lenny Joe
... to Tynebor, Iwona

Tynefield, Claire Ballard
... to Tyner, Charles Edward

Tyner, Charles Thomas
... to Tyner, Gabrielle Patricia

Tyner, Gael Beth
... to Tyner, Keith Maco

Tyner, Keith Maco
... to Tyner, Oralia

Tyner, Patricia Evone
... to Tyner, Steven Craig

Tyner, Steven Craig
... to Tynes, Jason Edward

Tynes, Jason Edward
... to Tyo, James Richard

Tyo, Jane Modesta
... to Typpi, Erik Michael

Typpi, Erik Michael
... to Tyra, George

Tyra, Gerald Andrew
... to Tyra, Ronald Michael

Tyra, Ronnie
... to Tyranski, Helen

Tyranski, Hillary Ann
... to Tyree, Brenda Ann

Tyree, Brenda Ann
... to Tyree, Joshua David

Tyree, Joshua David
... to Tyree, Sarah Joan

Tyree, Sarah Rose
... to Tyrell, Elnora D

Tyrell, Emily Morgan
... to Tyrer, Ryan Charles

Tyrer, Sean Alexander-Stagman
... to Tyrna, Elizabeth G

Tyrna, Elizabeth Geraldine
... to Tyron, Refaa A

Tyron, Refaa A
... to Tyrrell, Ann Marie

Tyrrell, Anthony Thomas
... to Tyrrell, Donald Scott

Tyrrell, Dona M
... to Tyrrell, Jonathan Lee

Tyrrell, Jordan Lewis
... to Tyrrell, Michael James

Tyrrell, Michael Louis
... to Tyrrell, Susan Louise

Tyrrell, Suzanne Budd
... to Tysar, Debra Marie

Tysar, Donald Alan
... to Tysick, Mark Douglas

Tysick, Matthew Aaron
... to Tyslenko, Richard Joseph

Tyslenko, Shelley Jean
... to Tyson, Alesha Ann

Tyson, Alesha Ann
... to Tyson, Bernadette A

Tyson, Bernadette Denise
... to Tyson, Charles Robert

Tyson, Charles Robert
... to Tyson, Dantae Lamon

Tyson, Dantae Lamon
... to Tyson, Diana Lynn

Tyson, Diana Lynn
... to Tyson, Felecia Renee

Tyson, Felicia Ann
... to Tyson, Jacqueline Pamela

Tyson, Jacqueline Pamela
... to Tyson, Jerrod Deante

Tyson, Jerrod Deante
... to Tyson, Justin Daniel

Tyson, Kabria Janaye
... to Tyson, Kimberly Sibby

Tyson, Kim Vanessa
... to Tyson, Lonniel Nac-E

Tyson, Lorrine Ann
... to Tyson, Michelle Lynn

Tyson, Mikel Deyon
... to Tyson, Qiana Cyleen-Traneece

Tyson, Rachelle Savannah-Rose
... to Tyson, Ronesha Janae

Tyson, Ronesha Janae
... to Tyson, Sidney Lee

Tyson, Sivanna Ann
... to Tyson, Tika Logan

Tyson, Timothy Gordon
... to Tyson, Yolanda Deneen

Tyson, Yolanda Marie
... to Tyszka, Angela Dawn

Tyszka, Angela Dawn
... to Tyszkowski, Danielle Marie

Clean Elections

     Let me start by saying that when I voted, the staff members were working with one objective: doing their jobs. Elected or appointed, they worked as a team to get the job done, helping the voters impartially. When supermarket staff help you bring your groceries to your car, they don’t care about which candidates you support, and neither should the poll workers.

     I saw a selectman helping an old man who was in a wheelchair. The selectman asked, “What letter does your last name start with?” and brought him to that check-in table, skipping the queue so the selectman could move to the next task quickly. The selectman didn’t care which candidates the old man was supporting.

     People checked in and were given a poker chip to present to another staff member to receive a ballot. Bad news. The voter checks in, receives a chip and walks through into an area where voters are waiting in line to receive their ballots. Meanwhile there were people walking into that area, through a side door. I saw one such entrant, who was wearing a name tag saying “ASST MODERATOR” and who was probably returning from an errand, but a non-resident could have entered through that door, bringing in a poker chip to present for a ballot. I did not see any non-residents enter, or anything else fraudulent, but there was that opportunity.

     The voters also were not practicing social distancing, before or after check-in.

     Start with ballots marked with serial numbers. Cover the serial number with tape so there is no way to know which voter marked it. It is a secret ballot before it is time to be counted.

     The checklist should have a barcode next to each name, and the ballot clerk would scan that barcode, registering the time of day when that voter checked in. Now we will know exactly how many ballots must be in the ballot box.

     Let the voter proceed to the voting booth to mark the ballot. The size of our ballots required a special privacy jacket. Voters marked their ballots and put them in the privacy jackets and brought them to the ballot box.

     Observers need to be able to see that the ballot box is empty before the voting begins.

     After the polls close, bring the ballot boxes to a room where the counting will happen. Open the ballot boxes in public and shuffle the ballots somewhat so nobody knows how the last person voted. One by one, remove the tape covering the serial number and barcode, scan the barcode to document the time, punch the ballot with a time clock (Is there any other kind of clock?) and place the ballot face-down onto a flatbed scanner to make a high-resolution bitmap image, using the serial number of the ballot, plus .bmp as the file name. These bitmap images, and the .jpg thumbnails that load faster and require less bandwidth, would go directly to the elections website where spectators at home could confirm that they were tabulated correctly.

     Mailing envelopes for absentee ballots would need a barcoded serial number, too. These would be scanned, and punched in a time clock as they arrive, eliminating any question of when they arrived. The voters could know that their ballots arrived because the mailing envelope serial numbers would be posted on the elections website as they arrive. This also establishes how many mail-in ballots must be accounted for on election day, eliminating the risk that a carton of ballots will be discovered a month after the wrong candidate gets sworn in. After the polls close, these envelopes would be opened and the inside envelopes, displaying the voter affidavit, would be punched in a time clock and scanned on a flatbed scanner where the handwritten signature would be masked. There must also be no connecting the voter’s identity with the secret ballot inside the envelope. After all the envelopes are scanned, then they would be opened and the ballots would be processed the same way in-person ballots are.

     Check printers are seeing a sharp decline in sales as more use is made of internet banking. Mostly they are diversifying their product lines, but they are qualified to make documents in a secure environment. Punching a ballot in a time clock would place the time stamp randomly within the alotted area, against varied features of a background, making photoshop forgery difficult.

     Computers are good at sorting numbers in order. Some sort processes put 100 far ahead of 99 because the first digit of 100 is 1, and the first digit of 99 is 9, and 1 comes before 9, but if they all have the same number of digits, that is not a problem.

     Tabulating the votes by hand would take time. The computers could read the bitmap images as they get scanned. Either way, the paper trail is maintained and the candidates or their staff could review the ballots and the results. Vote totals would be proven by providing on the elections website, a list for each candidate, of every serial number of a ballot with a vote for that candidate, in numerical order and linked to the bitmap and .jpg files where anybody could confirm that the vote was counted correctly. The risk that one pile of ballots would be processed twice or another pile not processed at all, would be eliminated by the use of serial numbers. If a ballot does get scanned twice, only once would that serial number be counted by the computer.

     In Michigan, an issue was raised about damaged ballots. The high-speed scanners could not read them, and election workers were given blank ballots to mark and use as substitutes. Any question is eliminated by scanning the damaged ballots into high-resolution bitmaps and displaying them on the elections website.

     This would require a lot of terabytes of file storage. How much is a function of the resolution or, more precisely, the square of the resolution, because we are talking about the area being scanned.

     Flatbed document scanners are a dime a dozen, especially the ones steeply discounted to get the buyers addicted to the expensive ink cartridges. These may be slow. Again the speed depends on the resolution, and is a function of the square of the resolution. One employee might run a number of scanners simultaneously.

     Any accusation that a ballot was photoshopped is refuted by making the paper ballot available. Check printing firms are good at making document forms with reliable serial numbers, and that are so difficult to counterfeit that most criminals prefer to buy a package of them for a few dollars at an office supply store instead.

     Poll workers arrive early to set things up. They stay late, after the polls close. A long day would be made longer, but one shift could arrive at 5:00 and leave at 17:00 while the second shift would arrive at 16:30 and work until the job is done.

     All of this would help assure the public that the election process is being conducted legally, free of fraud, and that assurance would justify the expense; but there are other problems.

     Democrats and Republicans are terrified of having to compete against other parties, so they impose outrageous ballot access requirements, requiring other parties to pay hefty fees and get far more nomination signatures just to be listed on the ballots. Then there are voters who feel they are wasting their votes by voting for the best candidate instead of voting for the second-worst one. Eliminating the ballot access requirements and using ranked voting would solve these problems.

     In Maryland, the enslaved persons were emancipated in 1864 when a referendum passed, adopting a new State constitution that banned slavery. In some other States, however, it took a diverted war to emancipate the slaves, because too many persons voted wrong. The Project Vote Smart website may help fix stupid, if more voters would use it, but you cannot fix crazy.